Author(s): Tang C, Liu MS
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Abstract Changes in the distribution of beta-adrenergic receptors in two subcellular fractions, the sarcolemma and the light vesicle, of rat heart during sepsis were studied, using [3H]dihydroalprenolol ([3H]DHA) binding and photoaffinity labeling with [125I]iodocyanopindolol ([125I]ICYP). Sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Septic rat hearts exhibit an initial hypercardiodynamic (9 h after CLP; early sepsis) and a subsequent hypocardiodynamic (18 h after CLP; late sepsis) state. [3H]DHA-binding studies show that, during early sepsis, the maximum binding capacity (Bmax) was increased by 35\% in sarcolemma but was decreased by 25\% in light vesicles, whereas during late sepsis, the Bmax was decreased by 39\% in sarcolemma but was increased by 30\% in light vesicles. Photoaffinity labeling studies show that the incorporation of [125I]ICYP into 64,000-Da peptide during early sepsis was increased by 32\% in sarcolemma but was decreased by 27\% in light vesicles, whereas during late sepsis, the incorporation was decreased by 30\% in sarcolemma but was increased by 35\% in light vesicles. These data indicate that beta-adrenergic receptors in the rat heart were externalized from light vesicles to sarcolemma during the hyperdynamic phase but were internalized from surface membranes to intracellular sites during the hypodynamic phase of sepsis. Because beta-adrenergic receptors mediate adrenergic control of cardiac muscle contraction, a biphasic intracellular redistribution of beta-adrenergic receptors in the heart may contribute to the development of the initial hypercardiodynamic and subsequent hypocardiodynamic states during sepsis.
This article was published in Am J Physiol
and referenced in Emergency Medicine: Open Access