Author(s): Mirkazemi R, Kar A
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Behavior pattern influences the risk of unintentional injuries. This study was conducted to identify the pattern of household unsafe behavior in different socioeconomic strata, in Pune city, India. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Population-based, cross-sectional study. Behaviors influencing the risk of burn, poisoning, drowning, and road traffic injuries were questioned from 200 randomly selected households. RESULTS: Nearly 28\% of the households did not have a separate kitchen, 37.5\% cooked at the ground level, 33.5\% used a kerosene pressure stove, 12\% used unprotected open fire as a source of warmth in winter, and 34.5\% stored inflammable substances at home. Ninety one percent of the households reported storing poisonous chemicals in places that could not be locked. In 68.3\% of the households with children below five years, these chemicals were kept in places accessible to children. Nearly 21\% of the individuals, who could swim, did so in unsafe places and 25.2\% of them were not trained in swimming. In 35.5\% of the households, children used streets as playgrounds. Among all two-wheeled vehicle riders, 35.6\% reported not having a helmet and 57.7\% of those who had a helmet did not use it regularly. Socioeconomic status was strongly associated with the unsafe behaviors related to burns, drowning, and road traffic injuries. CONCLUSION: The study identifies the sociocultural and behavioral factors leading to unsafe behaviors, placing individuals at risk of unintentional injuries, which can be used as a first step toward prevention.
This article was published in Indian J Community Med
and referenced in Clinics in Mother and Child Health