alexa Innate immune response to influenza virus.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Wu S, Metcalf JP, Wu W

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The recent pandemic of a novel H1N1 influenza virus has stressed the importance of effective approaches to prevent viral infection. The innate immune system is our first line of defense against invading viruses. This review aims to give a brief summary of recent findings on the response of the innate immune system to influenza virus. RECENT FINDINGS: Three families of pattern recognition receptors, toll-like receptors (TLRs), retinoic acid-inducible gene 1 protein like helicases (RLRs) and nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich-repeat-containing proteins (NLRs), are involved in recognition of influenza virus and they cooperatively operate to respond to the virus in cell culture or mouse models. Influenza virus mainly induces two types of innate immune cytokine responses: a proinflammatory response and an antiviral response. Recently, the NLRP3 inflammasome has proved to be an essential component in the host defense against influenza infection. The mitochondrion, traditionally recognized for its key role in respiration, metabolism and apoptosis, is becoming recognized as an important organelle for regulation of innate immune responses to influenza virus. SUMMARY: The NLRP3 inflammasome is an essential component in the host defense against influenza infection. Further investigations are required to elucidate whether NLRP3 is associated with the adaptive response and to identify the components of influenza virus that activate this important mediator. The role of mitochondria as a potential central platform of innate response is becoming appreciated. This article was published in Curr Opin Infect Dis and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • S Steve Zhou
    Inactivation and Disinfection of Zika Virus in the Presence and Absence of Blood
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ivana Stojanovic
    New protocol for the generation of insulin-specific T regulatory cells
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Hedef Dhafir El-Yassin
    The Immune Response of Prolactin and the Induction of Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) in Iraqi Patients Infected with Hepatitis C Virus
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Jessy S Deshane
    Longitudinal changes in airway microbiome signatures and immunoregulatory cell dynamics following Bronchial Thermoplasty
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Peter S. Nyasulu
    Prevalence and risk factors associated with acquisition of Sexually Transmitted Infections among people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Diepsloot settlement, Johannesburg, South Africa
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Dhanya Mohan
    Refractory anemia due to parvovirus b19 infection in a renal transplant recipient
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Luis Gosalbez
    Key regulatory issues in the development of pharmabiotics in Europe
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Afsar Rahbar
    Studies of the importance of Cytomegalovirus infection in breast cancer
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Brian Littlechild
    The management of violence and aggression against staff in mental health work: responding effectively through a co-production approach to issues for service users, carers, staff and agencies
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ricardo Rosales
    Vaccinia virus MVA as vector-vaccine strategy to modulate immune responses against Papillomavirus
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ming Yang
    Generation, characterization and application of monoclonal antibodies against foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype A
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Monray Edward Williams
    Molecular validation of putative antimicrobial peptides for improved Human Immunodeficiency Virus diagnostics via HIV protein p24
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ganesh Raj Pant
    A serological study in response to people at occupational risk of rabies virus exposure in Nepal
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ahmad Mohammed Ashshi
    Serodetection of dengue virus and anti-dengue antibodies among blood donors in the western region of Saudi Arabia
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords