Author(s): Carbon RT, Baar S, Waldschmidt J, Huemmer HP, Simon SI
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Abstract BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Until now, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has not had any therapeutic status for operable splenic trauma, because reliable sealing of larger defects is not possible with general techniques. METHODS: Fleece-bound sealing allows rapid, large-area sealing of erosions and defects, so that with the aid of an MIS applicator system (AMISA), this method of tissue management can be transferred to MIS. RESULTS: An in vitro evaluation showed that liquid fibrin sealing (FS) exhibits incomplete selective leak closure and low adhesive strength (4.1 hPa) and is not suitable for challenging surfaces. Fleece-bound sealing (ready-to-use v. prepare-to-use) showed reliable sealing and higher adhesive strength for collagen fleeces that are ready coated with fibrinogen-based sealant (TachoComb H; Nycomed, Linz, Austria) compared with various carrier systems that had to be impregnated on the spot (prepare-to-use; 50.2 v 23 hPa; P <.0001). Between October 1993 and October 2001, 19 of 87 children with splenic rupture were treated with the AMISA system (AMISA + TachoComb H) (21.8\%), and 3 of these children had multiple trauma. The operation was indicated because of circulatory instability despite adequate volume replacement therapy. Splenic repair always was possible with the AMISA system, a changeover and splenectomy was not necessary, and the postoperative course was complication free. The mean stay in the hospital was 9.2 days. CONCLUSIONS: The AMISA system efficiently expands the indications for emergency laparoscopy and can be used successfully in emergency laparoscopy for splenic rupture management. Copyright 2002, Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Pediatr Surg
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports