Author(s): Kehinde JO
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Abstract Lack of consistency in the literature regarding the use of fall risk assessment in long-term care settings and the uniqueness of the environment demand a critical analysis of fall risk instruments specific to older adults living in long-term care facilities. This integrative review of the existing literature on instruments used to measure fall risk in residents living in long-term care facilities revealed a total of 16 fall risk assessment tools from 13 studies. Of the 13 studies, only 8 reported sensitivity, specificity, and interrater reliability values of the tools. Only the Morse Fall Scale and Mobility Fall Chart demonstrated high predictive values in their initial developmental studies. This review can help clinicians make informed choices about tools to predict falls in their settings and establish appropriate preventive interventions. Copyright 2009, SLACK Incorporated.
This article was published in J Gerontol Nurs
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research