alexa Insulin binding to the blood-brain barrier in the streptozotocin diabetic rat.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): Frank HJ, Pardridge WM, JankovicVokes T, Vinters HV, Morris WL

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Abstract 125I-Insulin binding to isolated brain microvessels from control, streptozotocin diabetic, and insulin-treated diabetic rats was measured. The binding was highest in the control (21.1 +/- 1.8\%/mg capillary protein) and lowest in the diabetic (14.8 +/- 1.9\%, p less than 0.01) animals. Administration of 2 U of protamine zinc insulin per day increased the maximum binding in the diabetic rats to 17.2 +/- 2.1\%. Scatchard analyses of the binding showed that the major difference between the diabetic and the control animals was a decrease in the number of both high- and low-affinity sites in the diabetic animals. To test whether the failure of up-regulation in the hypoinsulinemic diabetic animal was related to an inherent defect in the endothelial cell or resulted from the diabetic milieu, cultured brain endothelial cells were tested for their capacity to up- and down-regulate their insulin receptors in vitro. In response to 100 ng/ml insulin for 12 h, these cells down-regulated their insulin receptors. When the insulin was removed, the insulin receptors returned to control levels. These studies showed that in vitro brain capillary endothelial cells have the capacity to increase their insulin receptors in response to a low-insulin environment, whereas in vivo the microvessels decrease their insulin receptors in response to diabetes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in J Neurochem and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

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