alexa Insulin glargine use during pregnancy.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Pantalone KM

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OBJECTIVE: To review the literature regarding the use of insulin glargine during pregnancy, specifically addressing the issues and concerns surrounding mitogenicity, placental transfer, and maternal and fetal safety. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search using MEDLINE and BIOSIS Previews up to March 2011. Additional studies were identified by hand-searching reference lists from original articles. Inclusion was limited to studies and abstracts in the English language. RESULTS: A total of 23 reports with 1001 pregnancies managed with insulin glargine contained relevant information regarding the maternal and fetal safety of its use during pregnancy. Insulin glargine does not appear to have enhanced mitogenic activity when compared with the mitogenic activity of native human insulin. The transplacental transfer of insulin glargine appears to be negligible, although it is possible that antibody-bound insulin glargine may gain access to the fetal compartment. The available data suggest that there are no identifiable, consistent adverse maternal or fetal outcomes with the use of insulin glargine during pregnancy, including during the first trimester. CONCLUSIONS: Use of insulin glargine during pregnancy should be seriously considered in uncontrolled diabetes during pregnancy and in those patients taking insulin glargine before conception, because the benefits from improved glycemic control would be expected to outweigh any, as yet, unproven risks of insulin glargine exposure.

This article was published in Endocr Pract. and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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