Author(s): Ikeda N, Nakajima R, Tsunoda T, Nakamura M, Sugi K
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Abstract There are few data regarding acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in young Japanese patients. We examined the risk factors for ACS in young Japanese patients, especially impaired glucose metabolism. From a database of 789 consecutive patients admitted to our hospital with ACS between 2000 and 2005, we compared risk factors of patients divided into two age categories: < or =45 years (group Y, n = 41) and > or =46 years (group O, n = 748). All patients in group Y were male. Overt diabetes, hypertension, and a family history of ischemic heart disease were not so important to group Y. Higher triglyceride (160.5 +/- 86.0 vs 133.9 +/- 75.2 mg/dl, P = 0.0296) and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (43.9 +/- 12.1 vs 48.7 +/- 13.5 mg/dl, P = 0.027) concentrations were present in group Y. We obtained data concerning insulin resistance in 326 of 789 patients. Although the incidence of impaired glucose tolerance was similar between the groups (31\% vs 31\%, not significant), a higher homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index (2.26 +/- 2.03), indicating insulin resistance, was present in group Y. Insulin resistance might be correlated with the development of ACS in the young adult Japanese population.
This article was published in Heart Vessels
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism