Author(s): Hsueh WA, Lyon CJ, Quiones MJ
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Abstract There is increasing evidence of a parallel progression between insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction, suggesting a close association between insulin action and the endothelium. Numerous studies have demonstrated that endothelial dysfunction occurs early in the insulin-resistant state and is predictive of future cardiovascular events. Similarly, insulin resistance has been associated with the metabolic syndrome, which also increases the risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Approaches that improve endothelial dysfunction, such as treatment with statins, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, or peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ligands, have been shown to prevent both diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This article reviews the relation between endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease, assesses the endothelium in the spectrum of insulin resistance, and examines the effect of the thiazolidinediones on endothelial function.
This article was published in Am J Med
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism