alexa Insulin secretion during and after pregnancy in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Homko C, Sivan E, Chen X, Reece EA, Boden G

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We have determined prehepatic insulin secretion rates (ISRs) in seven patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and in eight age- and weight-matched nondiabetic pregnant women during late gestation (third trimester) and again postpartum. Plasma glucose concentrations were raised to approximately 8.9 mM with iv glucose (hyperglycemic clamping), and ISRs were determined by deconvolution of peripheral C-peptide concentrations using C-peptide kinetic parameters that were obtained in every patient during late gestation and again postpartum. Plasma insulin levels were measured by RIA with an antibody with minimal (<0.2\%) cross-reactivity with proinsulin. During late gestation, women with GDM were more insulin resistant than nondiabetic controls and had significantly lower ISRs (689 vs. 849 pmol/min, P < 0.05) and glucose uptake rates (30.6 vs. 49.4 micromol/kg.min, P < 0.05) in response to hyperglycemia. Postpartum, ISRs and insulin resistance decreased in women with GDM and controls (ISR by 43\% and 43\%, respectively, and insulin resistance by 75\% and 118\%, respectively), and both groups had similar ISRs (352 vs. 408 pmol/min, nonsignificant). Women with GDM, however, continued to be more insulin resistant than controls. In summary, patients with GDM during late pregnancy not only had severe deficiencies in ISR but, in addition, were more insulin resistant than controls. Postpartum, insulin resistance and ISRs (and plasma insulin levels) improved in both groups, and ISRs (and plasma insulin levels) were no longer significantly different in patients with GDM and controls. Insulin resistance, however, remained higher in women with GDM, and their glucose uptake remained lower. We concluded that the women with GDM had a major ss-cell defect that made it impossible for them to compensate for their increased level of insulin resistance, which occurred during late pregnancy. This article was published in J Clin Endocrinol Metab and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected].com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords