Author(s): Baranowski M, Zabielski P, BachnioZabielska AU, Harasim E, Chabowski A,
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Abstract BACKGROUND/AIM: Liver X receptors (LXRs) are ligand-activated transcription factors that were shown to stimulate hepatic lipogenesis leading to liver steatosis and hypertriglyceridemia. Despite their pro-lipogenic action, LXR activators normalize glycemia and improve insulin sensitivity in rodent models of type 2 diabetes. Antidiabetic action of LXR agonists is thought to result from suppression of hepatic gluconeogenesis. However, it remains unclear whether LXR activation affects muscle insulin sensitivity. In the present study we attempted to answer this question. METHODS: The experiments were performed on male Wistar rats fed for 5 weeks on either standard chow or high fat diet. The latter group was further divided into two subgroups receiving either selective LXR agonist - T0901317 (10mg/kg/d) or vehicle during the last week of the experiment. All animals were then anaesthetized and samples of the soleus as well as red and white sections of the gastrocnemius muscle were excised. RESULTS: As expected, administration of T0901317 to high-fat fed rats augmented diet-induced hyperlipidemia. Nevertheless, it also normalized glucose tolerance and improved insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in isolated soleus muscle. In addition, LXR agonist completely restored glucose transporter 4 expression and insulin-stimulated Akt substrate of 160 kDa phosphorylation in all investigated muscles. Insulin-sensitizing effect of T0901317 was not related to changes in intramuscular level of lipid mediators of insulin resistance, since neither diacylglycerols nor ceramide content was affected by the treatment. CONCLUSION: We conclude that improvement in muscle insulin sensitivity is one of the mechanisms underlying the antidiabetic action of LXR activators. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
This article was published in Cell Physiol Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism