Author(s): Schricker T, Lattermann R, Fiset P, Wykes L, Carli F
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess dynamic changes in protein and glucose metabolism during surgery. Twelve patients undergoing colorectal surgery received either intravenous propofol anesthesia (n = 6) or inhalational anesthesia with desflurane (n = 6). Pre- and intraoperative protein and glucose kinetics were analyzed by an isotope dilution technique using L-[1-(13)C]leucine and [6,6-(2)H(2)]glucose. Plasma concentrations of glucose, lactate, free fatty acids, insulin, glucagon, and cortisol were measured before and after 2 h of surgery. The rates of appearance of leucine and glucose, leucine oxidation, protein synthesis, and glucose clearance decreased during surgery, independent of the type of anesthesia (P < 0.05). A correlation between the rate of appearance of leucine and glucose was observed (r = 0.755, P < 0.001). Intraoperative plasma cortisol and glucose concentrations increased (P < 0.05), whereas plasma concentrations of lactate, free fatty acids, insulin, and glucagon did not change. Surgery causes a depression of whole body protein and glucose metabolism, independent of the anesthetic technique. There is a correlation between perioperative glucose production and protein breakdown.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism