Author(s): Hanash SM, Bobek MP, Rickman DS, Williams T, Rouillard JM,
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Abstract The dawn of the post-genome era is leading to extraordinary opportunities in biomedicine. Our group has embarked on a major effort to integrate genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics for the profiling of tumor tissues, an approach we refer to as operomics. Our major goals are the molecular classification of tumors and the identification of markers for the early detection of cancer. Molecular analyses of tumors rely on microdissected tissues, which are simultaneously investigated for genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic changes. Genomic alterations in tumor cells being investigated include deletions, amplifications and methylation changes across the entire genome as well as point mutations in specific genes. Expression analysis at the RNA level is being undertaken using oligonucleotide and cDNA based microarrays. An important aspect of our approach is the large-scale identification and quantitative analysis of tumor proteins in whole cell lysates as well as in protein compartments. Protein separation strategies include two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and liquid chromatography. Specific protein subsets, of interest include membrane proteins, secreted proteins and antigenic proteins as sources of biomarkers for early detection of cancer. Our current approach is illustrated with findings stemming from our studies of human gliomas.
This article was published in Proteomics
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics