alexa Intellectual disability co-occurring with schizophrenia and other psychiatric illness: population-based study.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Mental Disorders and Treatment

Author(s): Morgan VA, Leonard H, Bourke J, Jablensky A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of intellectual disability co-occurring with schizophrenia and other psychiatric illness is poorly understood. The separation of mental health from intellectual disability services has led to a serious underestimation of the prevalence of dual diagnosis, with clinicians ill-equipped to treat affected individuals. AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of dual diagnosis and describe its clinical profile. METHOD: The Western Australian population-based psychiatric and intellectual disability registers were cross-linked (total n=245,749). RESULTS: Overall, 31.7\% of people with an intellectual disability had a psychiatric disorder; 1.8\% of people with a psychiatric illness had an intellectual disability. Schizophrenia, but not bipolar disorder and unipolar depression, was greatly over-represented among individuals with a dual diagnosis: depending on birth cohort, 3.7-5.2\% of those with intellectual disability had co-occurring schizophrenia. Pervasive developmental disorder was identified through the Intellectual Disability Register and is therefore limited to individuals with intellectual impairment. None the less, pervasive developmental disorder was more common among people with a dual diagnosis than among individuals with intellectual disability alone. Down syndrome was much less prevalent among individuals with a dual diagnosis despite being the most predominant cause of intellectual disability. Individuals with a dual diagnosis had higher mortality rates and were more disabled than those with psychiatric illness alone. CONCLUSIONS: The facility to combine records across administrative jurisdictions has enhanced our understanding of the epidemiology of dual diagnosis, its clinical manifestations and aetiological implications. In particular, our results are suggestive of a common pathogenesis in intellectual disability co-occurring with schizophrenia. This article was published in Br J Psychiatry and referenced in Journal of Mental Disorders and Treatment

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords