Author(s): Niyogi S, Wood CM
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Abstract This study investigated the effects of dietary Ca2+ on branchial Ca2+ and Zn2+ uptake, new and total zinc accumulation in target tissues (gill, liver and kidney), calcium and zinc homeostasis, and acute tolerance to waterborne zinc in fish chronically exposed to waterborne zinc. Juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were maintained on a calcium-enriched diet [41.2 mg vs. 21.2 mg (control) calcium/g dry wt. of food] and chronic waterborne zinc exposure (2.3 micromol/L), both separately and in combination, for 28 days. Calcium-supplemented diet in the absence of waterborne zinc significantly reduced branchial Ca2+ and Zn2+ influx rates, and new and total zinc accumulations in target tissues relative to control. However it did not protect against the acute zinc challenge. In contrast, waterborne zinc exposure significantly increased branchial Ca2+ and Zn2+ influx rates, new and total zinc concentrations in target tissues, and acute zinc tolerance relative to control. Interestingly, no such changes in any of these parameters were recorded in fish treated simultaneously with elevated dietary Ca2+ and waterborne zinc, except acute zinc tolerance which was highest among all the treatments. Thus, we conclude that the interactions between elevated dietary Ca2+ and waterborne zinc can protect freshwater fish against waterborne zinc toxicity.
This article was published in Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development