alexa Interaction between the serotonergic, dopaminergic, and glutamatergic systems in fenfluramine-induced Fos expression in striatal neurons.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Guerra MJ, Liste I, LabandeiraGarcia JL

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Abstract Fenfluramine (FE) is a halogenated amphetamine derivative used in the treatment of obesity and thought to induce serotonin (5-HT) release from nerve terminals and to reduce re-uptake. However, other pathways may also be involved. In this work, the effects of FE on the major striatal afferent systems, and the possible interactions of these systems in FE-induced striatal expression of Fos, were studied by lesion of the serotonergic and/or dopaminergic system and administration of NMDA glutamate (MK-801) or D1 dopamine (SCH-23390) receptor antagonists. Both the D1 and NMDA receptor antagonists suppressed Fos expression in response to FE almost entirely. FE-induced Fos expression was also dramatically reduced 24 h after 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion of the dopaminergic system. However, the reduction was not so marked after chronic 6-OHDA lesion, probably due to compensatory changes. Chronic (5,7-dihydroxytryptamine injection, 4 weeks before) or acute (p-chlorophenylalanine injection) lesion of the serotonergic system led to a marked reduction in Fos expression in response to FE (decrease of about 50\%). After simultaneous chronic lesion of both serotonergic and dopaminergic systems, a considerable number of Fos-positive nuclei were still observed (decrease of about 70\% in the dorsal and dorsomedial regions). The FE-induced expression of Fos was almost totally suppressed (decrease of about 95\% in the dorsal and dorsomedial regions) after simultaneous acute lesion. Our results indicate that FE-induced striatal expression of Fos is due in large measure to DA release and dopaminergic stimulation of D1 receptors. However, concurrent stimulation of NMDA glutamate receptors also appears to be essential, and 5-HT release (although not indispensable) doubles striatal Fos expression. This article was published in Synapse and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

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