alexa Interaction of bovine serum albumin with dipolar molecules: fluorescence and molecular docking studies.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

Author(s): Bhattacharya B, Nakka S, Guruprasad L, Samanta A

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Abstract Interaction of bovine serum albumin (BSA) with two series of dipolar molecules having both rigid and flexible structures has been studied by monitoring the spectral and temporal behavior of the intramolecular charge transfer fluorescence of the systems. The binding sites of the molecular systems in BSA have been located with the help of docking studies. Three different sites of varying hydrophobicity have been identified where these molecules are located. Binding in the hydrophobic domains of BSA leads to a blue shift of the fluorescence spectra and an enhancement of fluorescence intensity and lifetime. This enhancement is found to be the largest for flexible systems in which internal motion serves as a nonradiative decay route. In the BSA-bound condition, some of the dipolar molecules exhibit not-so-common "dip-rise-dip" time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy profiles. It is shown that a large difference of the fluorescence lifetimes of the protein-bound and unbound molecules is one of the factors that contributes to this kind of anisotropy profiles. As internal motion is often responsible for the short fluorescence lifetime of the flexible dipolar molecules, a large increase in the fluorescence lifetime of these systems occurs if binding to BSA leads to disruption/prevention of this motion. It thus appears that it might be possible to obtain information on the prevention/disruption of nonradiative pathway on protein binding from the anisotropy profiles of the kind discussed above. However, since the present study reveals cases where a large change in fluorescence lifetime also occurs due to other reasons, one needs to be careful prior to making any conclusion. This article was published in J Phys Chem B and referenced in Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

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