alexa Interaction of exercise training and chronic NOS inhibition on blood pressure, heart rate, NO and antioxidants in plasma of rats.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Husain K

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Many individuals with cardiovascular diseases undergo periodic exercise conditioning with or without medication. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effect of exercise training on BP and HR under the condition of NOS inhibition and to clarify the mechanism of the effect in regard to oxidative stress, antioxidant enzyme activity, and NO production in the plasma of the rat. Fisher 344 rats were divided into four groups: (1) sedentary control, (2) exercise training for 8 weeks, (3) nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (10mg/kg, s.c. for 8 weeks) and (4) ET + L-NAME. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were monitored weekly for 8 weeks. The animals were sacrificed 24h after last treatments, plasma isolated and analyzed. The results show that exercise conditioning resulted in enhanced NO production (120\% of control), GSH levels (110\% of control), GSH/GSSG ratio (124\% of control) and the up-regulation of catalase (CAT) (225\% of control), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) (161\% of control), glutathione reductase (GR) (142\% of control) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) (189\% of control) and depression of malondialdehyde (MDA) (90\% of control) and lactate (75\% of control) in plasma of the rat. These biochemical changes were accompanied by no significant change in BP but slight increase in HR. Chronic L-NAME administration resulted in depression of NO (84\% of control), GSH (90\% of control), GSH/GSSG ratio (76\% of control), the down-regulation of superoxide dismutase (SOD) (67\% of control), GST (74\% of control), and GR (90\% of control). Plasma CAT and GSH-Px activities, MDA and lactate levels were significantly increased in L-NAME treated rats. The biochemical changes were accompanied by increase in blood pressure and heart rate. Interaction of exercise training and chronic NOS inhibitor treatment resulted in normalization of plasma NO levels, GSH/GSSG ratio, SOD and GST activities, and the up-regulation of, CAT, GSH-Px, and GR activities. The interaction resulted in depletion of plasma MDA levels compared to L-NAME treated group. The biochemical changes were accompanied by decrease in BP and HR compared to L-NAME treated group. The data suggest that the exercise training attenuated the oxidative injury caused by NOS inhibitor by increasing the plasma NO levels, GSH/GSSG ratio and up-regulating the antioxidant enzyme and lowering the BP and HR in the rat.
This article was published in Pathophysiology and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords