Author(s): Shao X, Tarnasky HA, Schalles U, Oko R, van der Hoorn FA
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Abstract The study of mammalian sperm tail outer dense fibers (ODF), a structure of unknown function, is hampered by the insoluble nature of ODF proteins and the availability of only one cloned component, Odf27. We report here the first use of the Odf27 leucine zipper as bait in a yeast two-hybrid screen to isolate a novel testis-specific protein whose interaction with Odf27 depends critically on the Odf27 leucine zipper. We find that the novel gene, 111-450, encodes a product that localizes to ODF as determined by fluorescence microscopy and immunoelectron microscopy and that the gene 111-450 product is identical to the major ODF protein, Odf84. Interestingly, Odf84 contains two C-terminal leucine zippers, and we demonstrate that all leucine residues in the upstream leucine zipper are required for interaction with Odf27, demonstrating the strategic validity of our approach. The use of the yeast screening approach to isolate leucine zipper containing proteins should be useful in other systems, and our findings have implications for ODF structural models.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy