alexa Interactions between fatty acids and alpha-synuclein.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Lcke C, Gantz DL, Klimtchuk E, Hamilton JA

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Abstract alpha-Synuclein (alphaS) is an amyloidogenic neuronal protein associated with several neurodegenerative disorders. Although unstructured in solution, alphaS forms alpha-helices in the presence of negatively charged lipid surfaces. Moreover, alphaS was shown to interact with FAs in a manner that promotes protein aggregation. Here, we investigate whether alphaS has specific FA binding site(s) similar to fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs), such as the intracellular FABPs. Our NMR experiments reveal that FA addition results in i) the simultaneous loss of alphaS signal in both (1)H and (13)C spectra and ii) the appearance of a very broad FA (13)C-carboxyl signal. These data exclude high-affinity binding of FA molecules to specific alphaS sites, as in FABPs. One possible mode of binding was revealed by electron microscopy studies of oleic acid bilayers at pH 7.8; these high-molecular-weight FA aggregates possess a net negative surface charge because they contain FA anions, and they were easily disrupted to form smaller particles in the presence of alphaS, indicating a direct protein-lipid interaction. We conclude that alphaS is not likely to act as an intracellular FA carrier. Binding to negatively charged membranes, however, appears to be an intrinsic property of alphaS that is most likely related to its physiological role(s) in the cell. This article was published in J Lipid Res and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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