Author(s): Parkkinen J, Rauvala H
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Abstract The heparin-binding p30 protein amphoterin is proposed to mediate adhesive interactions of the advancing plasma membrane in migrating and differentiating cells. Since the NH2-terminal part of amphoterin is exceptionally rich in lysine residues, we have studied its interactions with plasminogen and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA). On immunostaining of N18 neuroblastoma cells, amphoterin and t-PA showed a close co-localization in the filopodia of the leading membrane and in the substrate-attached material. In purified systems, both t-PA and plasminogen bound to immobilized amphoterin, and their binding was inhibited by the lysine analogue epsilon-aminocaproic acid. Plasminogen bound to immobilized amphoterin was activated by t-PA, and this resulted in effective degradation of the immobilized amphoterin. Correspondingly, amphoterin-bound t-PA activated plasminogen. In solution amphoterin accelerated t-PA-catalyzed plasminogen activation maximally 46-fold. The results indicate that t-PA and plasminogen form through their lysine-binding sites a complex with amphoterin, which results in acceleration of plasminogen activation and effective degradation of amphoterin. We suggest that local acceleration of t-PA-catalyzed plasminogen activation by amphoterin at the leading membrane enhances the penetration of growing cytoplasmic processes through extracellular materials during cell migration, differentiation and regeneration. The amphoterin-mediated adhesion at the leading membrane may be transient in nature, because the protein also enhances its own breakdown by accelerating t-PA-catalyzed plasminogen activation.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System