alexa Interactions of rat hepatocytes with type IV collagen, fibronectin and laminin matrices. Distinct matrix-controlled modes of attachment and spreading.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Author(s): Bissell DM, Stamatoglou SC, Nermut MV, Hughes RC

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Abstract We have examined the interaction of adult rat hepatocytes in primary culture, to type IV collagen, fibronectin, and laminin, the major basement membrane proteins of normal rat liver. Culture substrata consisted of glass coverslips, which were covalently derivatized with individual purified basement membrane constituents at varying densities of protein. The attachment of freshly prepared hepatocytes was examined after incubation at 37 degrees C for 30 min as a function of the amount of protein on the coverslips. For each of the three types of substratum under study, distinct modes of cell attachment were observed, with the apparent affinity of hepatocytes for type IV collagen being three-fold greater than for fibronectin and ten-fold greater than for laminin. Cell attachment exhibited saturation on all substrata. Hepatocyte spreading was measured by scanning electron microscopy of cells incubated at 37 degrees for 2 h on similarly prepared coverslips. A five-fold greater surface density of type IV collagen was required for maximal spreading compared with attachment. For cells on fibronectin or laminin the maximal cell spreading reached on type IV collagen did not occur even at coverslip protein densities 10 to 20 times those providing for maximal cell attachment. A very similar qualitative pattern of cell proteins was secreted within a few hours of plating on the various substrata and further studies failed to reveal any evidence that attachment and spreading was mediated by endogenously produced matrix molecules.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Eur J Cell Biol and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

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