Author(s): Conrotto P, Yakymovych I, Yakymovych M, Souchelnytskyi S
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Abstract Transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) is a potent regulator of cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. Type I TGFbeta receptor (TbetaRI) is the key receptor for initiation of intracellular signaling by TGFbeta. Here we report proteomics-based identification of proteins that form a complex with TbetaRI. Using 2D-GE and MALDI TOF mass spectrometry, we identified 16 proteins that specifically interacted with a GST-fused TbetaRI Thr204Asp construct with constitutively active serine/threonine kinase. We confirmed interactions of the receptor with cAMP regulated guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 (Epac1), beta-spectrin, PIASy, and beta-catenin proteins using immunoblotting. Interaction of the receptor with Epac1 required intact kinase activity of TbetaRI but was not affected by deletion of cAMP-binding domain of Epac1. TGFbeta1-induced C-terminal phosphorylation of Smad2 was inhibited in vivo and in vitro in the presence of Epac1. Epac1 inhibited also TGFbeta1/TbetaRI-dependent transcriptional activation, as evaluated by luciferase reporter assays. We observed that expression of Epac1 counteracted TGFbeta/TbetaRI-dependent decrease of cell adhesion and TGFbeta/TbetaRI-induced stimulation of cell migration. Thus, we have reported novel TRI-interacting proteins and have shown that Epac1 inhibited TGFbeta-dependent regulation of cell migration and adhesion.
This article was published in J Proteome Res
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology