alexa Intercurrent infectious diseases in post-stem cell transplant patients: paranasal sinusitis.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Mortellaro C

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Improvements in treatments available for oncohematologic diseases have made it possible to treat patients at more advanced stages of the disease and thus at greater risk of fungal, bacterial, and viral infections; these may be extensive and have aggressive evolution. In particular, chemotherapy at high doses and allogenic bone marrow transplant expose patients to an increased risk of infection, especially because of the period of aplasia and the condition of immune depression subsequent to the procedure. We presented a case of a 15-year-old adolescent girl diagnosed with combined relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia 2 years after completion of first-line chemotherapy that, at 120 days after transplant, erosive lesions of the palatal mucosa at the left hemipalate in the area adjacent to tooth 2.7 were detected, of approximately 2 mm in size. These gave rise to an orosinus communication. Various therapeutic possibilities are examined. These cases are not frequent. Diseases and their related complications require an in-depth knowledge, on the part of the stomatologist, to recognize the early signs of involvement of the oral cavity and, on the part of the oral surgeon, to decide the most appropriate therapeutic strategy.

This article was published in J Craniofac Surg and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

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