Author(s): Diraimondo TR, Klck C, Khosla C
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Abstract The mechanism for activation of extracellular transglutaminase 2 (TG2) in the small intestine remains a fundamental mystery in our understanding of celiac sprue pathogenesis. Using the T84 human enterocytic cell line, we show that interferon-γ (IFN-γ), the predominant cytokine secreted by gluten-reactive T cells in the celiac intestine, activates extracellular TG2 in a dose-dependent manner. IFN-γ mediated activation of TG2 requires phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) activity, but is uninfluenced by a number of other kinases reported to be active in T84 cells. Pharmacological inhibition of PI3K in the presence of IFN-γ prevents TG2 activation as well as the previously characterized increase in transepithelial permeability. Our findings therefore establish PI3K as an attractive target for celiac sprue therapy, a possibility that is underscored by the encouraging safety profiles of several PI3K inhibitors undergoing human clinical trials.
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology