alexa Interferon beta affects retinal pigment epithelial cell proliferation via protein kinase C pathways.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

Author(s): Qiao H, Sakamoto T, Hinton DR, Gopalakrishna R, Ishibashi T,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to see the effect of interferon beta (IFN-beta) on cell proliferation and the protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathway. METHODS: Proliferation of cultured human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells, with various concentrations of IFN-beta, and with or without 3\% fetal calf serum (FCS), was assessed by cell counting. Effects of short (3 h) or prolonged (48 h) exposure of RPE cells to natural human IFN-beta were assessed by (3)H-thymidine uptake. Cytosolic and membranous PKC activity over time in cells treated with IFN-beta and calphostin C was also measured. RESULTS: IFN-beta inhibited the increased proliferation by FCS in the prolonged-exposure assay. The PKC inhibitor calphostin C also showed an inhibitory effect on RPE cell growth and (3)H-thymidine uptake in the chronic exposure with FCS. Short treatment with IFN-beta had no inhibitory or stimulatory effect on (3)H-thymidine uptake. Cytosolic and membranous PKC activity was strongly upregulated after short IFN-beta exposure but returned to original levels after 1 h. PKC activity was downregulated both in the cytosol and membrane after 24 or 48 h. CONCLUSION: IFN-beta inhibited RPE proliferation in vitro and the effect is mediated by upregulation of the PKC pathway. Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel
This article was published in Ophthalmologica and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

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