alexa Interindividual variation in posture allocation: possible role in human obesity
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Clinics in Mother and Child Health

Author(s): Levine JA, LanninghamFoster LM, McCrady SK, Krizan AC, Olson LR

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Obesity occurs when energy intake exceeds energy expenditure. Humans expend energy through purposeful exercise and through changes in posture and movement that are associated with the routines of daily life [called nonexercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT)]. To examine NEAT's role in obesity, we recruited 10 lean and 10 mildly obese sedentary volunteers and measured their body postures and movements every half-second for 10 days. Obese individuals were seated, on average, 2 hours longer per day than lean individuals. Posture allocation did not change when the obese individuals lost weight or when lean individuals gained weight, suggesting that it is biologically determined. If obese individuals adopted the NEAT-enhanced behaviors of their lean counterparts, they might expend an additional 350 calories (kcal) per day.

This article was published in Science and referenced in Clinics in Mother and Child Health

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