alexa Interleukin 4 (IL-4) and IL-6-producing memory T-cells in peripheral blood and gingival tissue in periodontitis patients with high serum antibody titers to Porphyromonas gingivalis.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Aoyagi T, SugawaraAoyagi M, Yamazaki K, Hara K

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Abstract We assessed cytokine production and proliferation of memory T-cells that were isolated from peripheral blood of adult periodontitis patients with high anti-Porphyromonas gingivalis titer. Memory T-cells were stimulated with P. gingivalis lipopolysaccharide, sonicates and formalin-killed whole cells. Interleukin 4(IL-4)- and IL-6-producing cells were stained by immunocytochemistry on peripheral blood smears and compared with cryostat sections of autologous gingival biopsies. Memory T-cells in the peripheral blood of patients rated significantly higher than in healthy subjects (32.3 + or - 7.1 vs 25.3 + or - 3.0\%). Stimulation of patient-derived memory T-cells with P. gingivalis whole cells induced higher IL-4 production than in healthy subjects (4.4 + or - 4.1\% vs 0.7 + or - 0.6\%). Induction of IL-4 producing memory T-cells by P. gingivalis lipopolysaccharide and whole cells was respectively 1.37 and 1.56 times that induced by medium alone. IL-6 production did not differ between the groups. Proliferation of memory T-cells in healthy subjects tended to be more inhibited by P. gingivalis antigens than that in patients. In some patients, induction of IL-4- and IL-6-producing memory T-cells in peripheral blood and in autologous gingival biopsies tended to coincide. Memory T-cells with functional characteristics of Th2 could be a crucial cell population capable of reflecting individual susceptibility to periodontitis.
This article was published in Oral Microbiol Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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