alexa Interleukin-1 stimulates deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis in immature rat Leydig cells in vitro.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Khan SA, Khan SJ, Dorrington JH

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Abstract The number of interstitial macrophages in the testis fluctuates according to age, increasing gradually during prepubertal development to reach 15-20\% in the interstitial compartment in the adult rat. These macrophages are in close morphological association with Leydig cells. Macrophage products, interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor alpha stimulate and/or inhibit steroid production in cultures of Leydig cells. We have studied the effects of macrophage products on DNA synthesis in rat Leydig cells to investigate a possible paracrine role of testicular macrophage products on the proliferation of Leydig cells. Leydig cells isolated from 10-, 20-, and 70-day-old rats were cultured for 48 h in serum-free medium, washed, and treated with different cytokines for 18 h. The medium was then removed, fresh medium containing 0.5 microCi [3H]thymidine was added, and cells were incubated for 4 h prior to determining the incorporation of [3H]thymidine into DNA. Human recombinant IL-1 beta caused a dose-dependent stimulation in the incorporation of [3H]thymidine into DNA in the Leydig cells from 10- and 20-day-old rats but had no effect on DNA synthesis in interstitial cells from adult rats. Maximum stimulation of DNA synthesis in immature Leydig cells was observed with 1-2 ng/ml IL-1 beta. Autoradiography after incubation with [3H]thymidine showed a dramatic increase in the number of labeled Leydig cells after treatment with IL-1 beta (19.27 +/- 3.77\% vs. 1.44 +/- 0.52\% in control cultures) indicating that IL-1 beta recruited more cells to enter the cell cycle and initiate DNA synthesis. Human recombinant IL-1 alpha and tumor necrosis factor alpha also caused significant stimulation of DNA synthesis in Leydig cells but these cytokines were much less potent (1-10\%) than IL-1 beta. IL-1 beta enhanced the effects of maximally effective concentrations of growth-promoting agents previously known to stimulate DNA synthesis in immature rat Leydig cells, i.e. human CG, steroidogenesis-inducing protein, and transforming growth factor alpha plus insulin. On the basis of these results it is concluded that IL-1 may play an important role in the proliferation of Leydig cells during prepubertal development in immature rats. This article was published in Endocrinology and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

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