alexa Interleukin-10 promotes the maintenance of antitumor CD8(+) T-cell effector function in situ.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Fujii S, Shimizu K, Shimizu T, Lotze MT

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Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a multifunctional cytokine that can exert suppressive and stimulatory effects on T cells. It was investigated whether IL-10 could serve as an immunostimulant for specific CD8(+) cytotoxic T cell (CTL) in vivo after vaccination and, if so, under what conditions. In tumor prevention models, administration of IL-10 before, or soon after, peptide-pulsed primary dendritic cell immunization resulted in immune suppression and enhanced tumor progression. Injection of IL-10, however, just after a booster vaccine significantly enhanced antitumor immunity and vaccine efficacy. Analysis of spleen cells derived from these latter animals 3 weeks after IL-10 treatment revealed that the number of CD8(+) CD44(hi) CD122(+) T cells had increased and that antigen-specific proliferation in vitro was enhanced. Although cytotoxicity assays did not support differences between the various treatment groups, 2 more sensitive assays measuring antigen-specific interferon-gamma production at the single-cell level demonstrated increases in the number of antigen-specific responder T cells in animals in the vaccine/IL-10 treatment group. Thus, IL-10 may maintain the number of antitumor CD8(+) T cells. In adoptive transfer studies, the ability of IL-10 to maintain CTL function could be enhanced by the depletion of CD4(+) T cells. This suggests that IL-10 mediates contrasting effects on both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells that result in either immune dampening or immune potentiation in situ, respectively. Appreciation of this dichotomy in IL-10 immunobiology may allow for the design of more effective cancer vaccines designed to activate and maintain specific CD8(+) T-cell effector function in situ.

This article was published in Blood and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

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