Author(s): GreenwellWild T, Vzquez N, Jin W, Rangel Z, Munson PJ,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Infection of CD4(+) chemokine coreceptor(+) targets by HIV is aided and abetted by the proficiency of HIV in eliminating or neutralizing host cell-derived defensive molecules. Among these innate protective molecules, a family of intracellular apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like (APOBEC) cytidine deaminases, is constitutively expressed but inactivated by HIV viral infectivity factor. The ability of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) to augment cytidine deaminases offered the possibility that the balance between virus and target cell might be altered in favor of the host. Further characterization of transcriptional profiles induced by IFN-alpha using microarrays, with the intention to identify and dissociate retroviral countermaneuvers from associated toxicities, revealed multiple molecules with suspected antiviral activity, including IL-27. To establish whether IFN-alpha toxicity might be sidestepped through the use of downstream IL-27 against HIV, we examined whether IL-27 directly regulated cytidine deaminases. Although IL-27 induces APOBECs, it does so in a delayed fashion. Dissecting the underlying regulatory events uncovered an initial IL-27-dependent induction of IFN-alpha and/or IFN-beta, which in turn, induces APOBEC3, inhibited by IFN-alpha/beta receptor blockade. In addition to macrophages, the IL-27-IFN-alpha connection is operative in CD4(+) T cells, consistent with an IFN-alpha-dependent pathway underlying host cell defense to HIV.
This article was published in Blood
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics