alexa Internal exposure of the general population to DEHP and other phthalates--determination of secondary and primary phthalate monoester metabolites in urine.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Koch HM, Rossbach B, Drexler H, Angerer J

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Abstract A number of phthalates and their metabolites are suspected of having teratogenic and endocrine disrupting effects. Especially the developmental and reproductive effects of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) are under scrutiny. In this study we determined the concentrations of the secondary, chain oxidized monoester metabolites of DEHP, mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl)phthalate (5OH-MEHP) and mono(2-ethyl-5-oxo-hexyl)phthalate (5oxo-MEHP) in urine samples from the general population. The utilization of the secondary metabolites minimized any risk of contamination by the ubiquitously present phthalate parent compounds. Included in the method were also the simple monoester metabolites of DEHP, dioctylphthalate (DOP), di-n-butylphthalate (DnBuP), butylbenzylphthalate (BBzP) and diethylphthalate (DEP). Automated sample preparation was performed applying a column switching liquid chromatography system enabling online extraction of the urine on a restricted access material (RAM) and separation on a reversed phase analytical column. Detection was performed by negative ESI-tandem mass spectrometry in multiple reaction monitoring mode and quantification by isotope dilution. The excretion of DEHP and the other phthalates was studied by analyzing first morning urine samples from 53 women and 32 men aged 7-64 years (median: 34.2 years) living in northern Bavaria (Germany) who were not occupationally exposed to phthalates. Phthalate metabolites, secondary and primary ones, were detected in all specimens. Concentrations were found to vary strongly from phthalate to phthalate and subject to subject with differences spanning more than three orders of magnitude. Median concentrations for excretion of DEHP metabolites were 46.8 microg/L for 5OH-MEHP (range 0.5-818 microg/L), 36.5 microg/L for 5oxo-MEHP (range 0.5-544 microg/L), and 10.3 microg/L for MEHP (range:<0.5 (limit of quantification, LOQ) to 177 microg/L). A strong correlation was found between the excretion of 5OH-MEHP and 5oxo-MEHP with a correlation coefficient of r=0.991, indicating close metabolic proximity of those two parameters but also the absence of any contaminating interference. Median concentrations for the other monoester metabolites were for mono-n-butylphthalate (MnBuP) 181 microg/L, for monobenzylphthalate (MBzP) 21.0 microg/L, for monoethylphthalate (MEP) 90.2 microg/L and for mono-n-octylphthalate (MOP)<1.0 microg/L (LOQ). These results will help to perform health risk assessments for the phthalate exposure of the general population.
This article was published in Environ Res and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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