Author(s): Ozen A, Ozdemir A, Coskun T, Ozen A, Ozdemir A, Coskun T
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Congenital bands, congenital anomalies of the intestinal rotation and congenital defects in the mesentery or omentum, postsurgical or traumatic defects of the mesentery and omentum are important factors that predispose to internal herniation. In this retrospective study, 18 cases of internal herniation were evaluated and the factors that effect the prognosis were investigated. METHODS: The records of 609 patients who underwent laparotomy due to acute intestinal obstruction were retrospectively reviewed. The cause of intestinal obstruction was internal herniation in 18 patients. The patients were evaluated with respect to signs and symptoms, radiological findings, time elapsed between the onset of symptoms and surgery, findings, in surgery, type of operation performed, postoperative complications and postoperative stay. RESULTS: Postoperative complications were encountered more frequently in the patients with bowel strangulation (p=0.045) in our series. Time elapsed between the onset of symptoms and laparotomy was found to be significantly longer in the patients with strangulation than in those without strangulation (p=0.046). Additionally, postoperative hospital stay was shorter in the patients without strangulation (p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Since preoperative diagnosis of an internal herniation is very difficult because of the lack of specific signs and symptoms, postoperative complications can only be decreased with early surgical intervention in the patients with acute intestinal obstruction.
This article was published in Int Surg
and referenced in Journal of Forensic Research