Author(s): Simmons RK, Unwin N, Griffin SJ
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Abstract This article aims to provide an updated summary of diabetes prevention efforts by reviewing relevant literature published between 2007 and 2009. These include results from the long-term follow-up of diabetes prevention trials and the roll-out of community-based interventions in "real world" settings. Some countries have begun to implement population-based strategies for chronic disease prevention, but investment in developing and evaluating population-level interventions remains inadequate. By focussing on the "small change" approach and involving a number of different agencies, it may be possible to shift the population distribution of risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease in a favourable direction. The cost-effectiveness of primary prevention strategies for type 2 diabetes has not been universally demonstrated. Some of the uncertainties relating to screening for diabetes have now been resolved but longer-term data on hard cardiovascular outcomes are still needed. In summary, individual countries should aim to develop and evaluate cost-effective, setting-specific diabetes risk identification and prevention strategies based on available resources. These should be linked to initiatives aimed at reducing the burden of cardiovascular disease, and complemented with population-based strategies focusing on the control and reduction of behavioural and cardiovascular risk factors by targeting their key determinants. 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Diabetes Res Clin Pract
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism