alexa Inter-segment foot motion and ground reaction forces over the stance phase of walking.
Social & Political Sciences

Social & Political Sciences


Author(s): Hunt AE, Smith RM, Torode M, Keenan AM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the magnitude and patterns of motion of the rearfoot segment relative to the leg, forefoot segment relative to the rearfoot, height change in the medial longitudinal arch and ground reaction forces of normal adult males during the stance phase of walking. BACKGROUND: Knowledge of normal motion of the rearfoot and forefoot segments and of the arch during stance phase is important in clinical management. METHODS: Motion data were obtained from surface markers, and force data from a force plate, from the right limb of participants while walking at a self-selected pace. RESULTS: Stance phase range of motion across sagittal, frontal and transverse planes was 12 degrees, 4 degrees and 10 degrees for the forefoot, compared to 22 degrees, 8 degrees and 10 degrees for the rearfoot. Most motion occurred at the beginning and end of stance phase when support was via only the rearfoot or forefoot, and when forces were maximal. Arch height decreased from heel contact and increased after heel rise to its maximum at toe-off. CONCLUSIONS: The extent of forefoot segment motion confirms the significance of midfoot joints to normal foot function. Between foot flat and heel rise, the forefoot pattern of motion is indicative of foot stability. Typical foot motion does not obey descriptions of triplanar motion such as 'pronation' and 'supination'. RELEVANCE: Typical stance phase foot motion has been described according to a forefoot:rearfoot model and rearfoot:leg model of motion, together with profiles of medial longitudinal arch height and ground reaction forces. This information can be applied in the management of foot dysfunction and should stimulate research into midfoot motion and overall control of the foot.
This article was published in Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) and referenced in Anthropology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • World conference on Ecology and Ecosystems
    September 11-13, 2017 San Antonio, USA
  • 6th International Conference on Forensic Research & Technology
    Sep 18-20, 2017 Houston, USA
  • 2nd World Congress on Health and Medical Sociology
    September 25-26, 2017 Atlanta, Georgia, USA
  • 2nd Experts Meeting on Forensic Psychology and Criminology
    October 02-03, 2017 London, UK

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version