Author(s): Arteaga JR, Huerta S, Basa NR, Livingston EH
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Abstract Among Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients, large male patients carry the greatest risk for severe, life-threatening complications. The higher complication rate is partly related to large amounts of intra-abdominal fat that increases the technical difficulty of the RYGB. In order to minimize the risk for complications, we established a staged approach for weight loss surgery for high-risk, super-obese patients. Patients with intra-abdominal fat at exploration which precluded the performance of RYGB underwent jejunoileal bypass (JIB). Following an initial period of weight loss (6-24 months), they were converted to a RYGB during a second operation. Twenty-four patients underwent initial JIB that was associated with a major complication rate of 8.3 per cent (2/24) and no mortality. Eight patients lost 53.4 +/- 6.3 kg prior to their conversion to RYGB (mean, 14.1 months). There was one major complication (12\%) and no deaths (0\%). Following RYGB, an additional period of weight loss resulted in overall excess weight loss (EWL) totaling 62 per cent. A two-step procedure is a safe and effective approach for minimizing complications for high-risk patients undergoing RYGB. The initial JIB was associated with low morbidity and no mortality, and the follow-up RYGB procedure was a technically simple operation that could be performed with few complications.
This article was published in Am Surg
and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System