Author(s): Wilson GB, Lock CA, Heather N, Cassidy P, Christie MM,
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Abstract AIMS: To ascertain the views of general practitioners (GPs) regarding the prevention and management of alcohol-related problems in practice, together with perceived barriers and incentives for this work; to compare our findings with a comparable survey conducted 10 years earlier. METHODS: In total, 282 (73\%) of 419 GPs surveyed in East Midlands, UK, completed a postal questionnaire, measuring practices and attitudes, including the Shortened Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Perception Questionnaire (SAAPPQ). RESULTS: GPs reported lower levels of post-graduate education or training on alcohol-related issues (<4 h for the majority) than in 1999 but not significantly so (P = 0.031). In the last year, GPs had most commonly requested more than 12 blood tests and managed 1-6 patients for alcohol. Reports of these preventive practices were significantly increased from 1999 (P < 0.001). Most felt that problem or dependent drinkers' alcohol issues could be legitimately (88\%, 87\%) and adequately (78\%, 69\%) addressed by GPs. However, they had low levels of motivation (42\%, 35\%), task-related self-esteem (53\%, 49\%) and job satisfaction (15\%, 12\%) for this. Busyness (63\%) and lack of training (57\%) or contractual incentives (48\%) were key barriers. Endorsement for government policies on alcohol was very low. CONCLUSION: Among GPs, there still appears to be a gap between actual practice and potential for preventive work relating to alcohol problems; they report little specific training and a lack of support. Translational work on understanding the evidence-base supporting screening and brief intervention could incentivize intervention against excessive drinking and embedding it into everyday primary care practice.
This article was published in Alcohol Alcohol
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals