Author(s): Yandza T, Schneider SM, Canioni D, SaintPaul MC, Gugenheim J,
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Abstract Even though surgical techniques for isolated intestine, liver-intestine, and multivisceral transplantations were developed in the 1960's, very few patients were transplanted before 1990 because initial immunosuppression regimens were insufficient, making intestine transplantation impossible. Intestine transplantation resulted in death in most patients within days or months. The discouraging results of the first clinical trials were due to technical complications, sepsis, and the failure of conventional immunosuppression to control rejection. By 1990 the development of tacrolimus-based immunosuppression and improved surgical techniques, the increased array of potent immunosuppressive medications, infection prophylaxis, and suitable patient selection helped improve actuarial graft and patient survival rates for all types of intestine transplantation. The aims of this review are to describe the current status of intestine transplantation including the underlying diseases and conditions that may be indications for intestine transplantation, to identify patient populations for this indication, to provide key steps for patient evaluation, to summarize current recommendations for immunosuppression, to list the most common postoperative complications, and to discuss the international experience of small bowel transplantation compiled and analyzed by the International Intestine Transplant Registry since 1985.
This article was published in Gastroenterol Clin Biol
and referenced in Brain Disorders & Therapy