alexa Intra-abdominal synovial sarcoma: a clinicopathological study.


Journal of Medical & Surgical Pathology

Author(s): Fisher C, Folpe AL, Hashimoto H, Weiss SW

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Abstract AIMS: To evaluate a series of synovial sarcomas arising in the abdomen, pelvic cavity, or retroperitoneum. Synovial sarcoma is rare within the abdomen. In this location, it can be confused with other biphasic tumours and with other spindle and round cell sarcomas. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cases were retrieved from archives. There were 11 intra-abdominal tumours among 300 synovial sarcomas in two referral practices (3.7\%). Three were pelvic (two midline, one sidewall) and eight were retroperitoneal. They occurred in six males and five females aged from 25 to 75 years (mean 49 years, median 46 years), and ranged in diameter from 65 to 470 mm (mean 210 mm, median 150 mm). Six examples were biphasic, five were monophasic and seven had poorly differentiated areas. Monophasic tumours displayed at least one epithelial marker. One biphasic tumour had a SYT-SSX2 fusion gene. Seven sarcomas were high-grade and four of intermediate grade malignancy. Follow-up data were available in 10 patients. In all but one case, tumour recurred or metastasized within the abdomen. The pelvic sarcomas also metastasized outside the abdomen. Eight of 10 patients (80\%) died of disease with survival from 4 to 36 months (mean 17 months, median 18 months). Two patients were alive with disease at 43 and 48 months. CONCLUSIONS: Synovial sarcomas rarely arise within the abdomen and pelvis. They occur mainly in middle age, attain a large size, are difficult to excise and recur locally. Pelvic tumours metastasize distantly. Retroperitoneal tumours remain confined to the abdomen and, unlike synovial sarcomas elsewhere, do not metastasize remotely, although mortality is high. Copyright 2004 Blackwell Publishing Limited This article was published in Histopathology and referenced in Journal of Medical & Surgical Pathology

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