Author(s): Jacobs SC, Menashe DS, Mewissen MW, Lipchik EO
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Abstract Thirty patients with bulky T3 or T4 transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, clinically determined to be without nodal or distant metastases, were treated with a 48-hour hypogastric artery infusion of cisplatin (CDDP) 75-150 mg/m2 1 month before tumor resection. Complications of the CDDP infusions were milder than those with intravenous (IV) infusion or rapid intraarterial (IA) infusion, although three lower extremity neuropathies were seen. The CDDP infusions reduced the primary bladder mass effectively, and seven of 16 cystectomy specimens were rendered PO. However, patient survival was clearly predicted by the nodal status. Of 15 T3-4N + MO patients, 11 died at 15 +/- 3 months. Methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (M-VAC) chemotherapy was given if residual transitional cell carcinoma was found after IA CDDP. Of 12 P3NOMO patients undergoing cystectomy, eight are alive with no evidence of disease (NED) at 28 +/- 8 months and no patient has died of transitional cell carcinoma. IA CDDP can effectively reduce bulky bladder cancer masses, but has no demonstrable effect on survival in N+ disease. It appears that adjuvant IA CDDP favorably affects survival in T3NOMO transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.
This article was published in Cancer
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy