Author(s): Zamai L, Canonico B, Gritzapis A, Luchetti F, Felici C,
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Abstract Several techniques have been proposed for flow cytometric evaluation of intracellular antigens. This approach is particularly important for detection at the single cell level of proteins which correlate to tumour progression. Bcl-2 and p53 are two of the most relevant proteins. In the present study we have compared five different cell fixation-permeabilisation protocols and nine fluorochrome-conjugated (FITC or PE) monoclonal antibodies (mAb): four mAb directed against Bcl-2 and five against p53. For detection of Bcl-2 we have analysed three Bcl-2 positive cell lines (K562, Daudi and MCF-7), and peripheral blood samples obtained from nine healthy subjects. To distinguish internal positive (lymphocytes) and negative control cells (granulocytes), it was necessary to perform simultaneous detection of surface and intracellular antigens. For detection of p53 three cell lines, two p53 positive (Raji and CEM) and one p53 negative (HL-60), were analysed. Using these cells we have performed a combined analysis of the efficiency of monoclonal antibodies and sample preparation techniques. In conclusion, clones 124-FITC and Bcl-2/100-PE (Bcl-2), and clones BP53,12-FITC and G59-12-PE (p53) provided the highest specific fluorescence intensity of the respective markers independent of cell preparation protocols. Importantly, our results show that mAb background may depend on the specific fixation/permeabilisation kit and that mAb titration using negative and positive control cells is essential to determine the specificity and the sensitivity of the mAb used.
This article was published in J Biol Regul Homeost Agents
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy