Author(s): Horstick G, Heimann A, Gtze O, Hafner G, Berg O,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury from ischemia can be aggravated by reperfusion of the jeopardized area. The precise underlying mechanisms have not been clearly defined, but proinflammatory events, including complement activation, leukocyte adhesion, and infiltration and release of diverse mediators, probably play important roles. The present study addresses the possibility of reducing reperfusion damage by the application of C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH). METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardioprotection by C1-INH 20 IU/kg IC was examined in a pig model with 60 minutes of coronary occlusion, followed by 120 minutes of reperfusion. C1-INH was administered during the first 5 minutes of coronary reperfusion Compared with the NaCl controls, C1-INH reduced myocardial injury (48.8 +/- 7.8\% versus 73.4 +/- 4.0\% necrosis of area at risk, P < or = .018). C1-INH treatment significantly reduced circulating C3a and slightly attenuated C5a plasma concentrations. Myocardial protection was accompanied by reduced plasma concentration of creatine kinase and troponin-T. C1-INH had no effect on global hemodynamic parameters, but local myocardial contractility was markedly improved in the ischemic zone. In the short-axis view, 137 degrees of the anteroseptal region showed significantly improved wall motion at early and 29 degrees at late reperfusion with C1-INH treatment. CONCLUSIONS: C1-INH significantly protects ischemic tissue from reperfusion damage, reduces myocardial necrosis, and improves local cardiac function.
This article was published in Circulation
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access