Author(s): Amorim JA, Remgio DS, Damzio Filho O, de Barros MA, Carvalho VN,
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intracranial subdural hematoma is a rare complication of spinal anesthesia. We report two cases of women who developed chronic subdural hematoma post-spinal anesthesia diagnosed after prolonged clinical evolution of post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) and we analyze other 33 cases found on literature review. CASE REPORTS: In 35 patients (ages 20-88 years, 19 males), 14 were older than 60 years (40\%), of which 12 (86\%) were males. The relationship is inverted in the group of younger patients (< 60 years), in which we observed twice as many women (14:7). Two peaks of higher incidence were observed: 30-39 years (31\%) and 60-69 years (29\%). The length of time from the beginning of symptoms until diagnosis ranged from 4 hours to 29 weeks. Headache was the main complaint in 26/35 (74.3\%) patients; changes in the level of consciousness in 14/35 (40.0\%); vomiting in 11/35 (31,4\%); hemiplegia or hemiparesis in 8/35 (22.9\%); diplopia or VI nerve paresis in 5/35 (14.3\%); and language disorders in 4/35 (11.4\%). Contributing factors included: pregnancy, multiple punctures, use of anticoagulants, intracranial vascular abnormalities, and brain atrophy. In 15 cases, a contributing factor was not mentioned. Four out of 35 patients (11.4\%) remained with neurologic sequelae, and 4/35 (11.4\%) died. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of any of the signs or symptoms mentioned above should alert for the possibility of an intracranial subdural hematoma as a complication of puncture of the dura mater, especially in those patients with PDPH for more than one week, at which time investigation by neuroimaging is necessary. © 2010 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Rev Bras Anestesiol
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research