Author(s): Rachinger J, Buslei R, Engelhorn T, Doerfler A, Strauss C
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Intradural-extramedullary cavernomas of the spine are rare lesions with only 21 published cases to date. Due to their rareness and special characteristics diagnosis often is difficult. We report on an additional case of an intradural-extramedullary cavernoma of the spine. PATIENT: A 56-year-old male presented with left shoulder pain and acute onset of pain affecting the whole spinal column two weeks prior to admission. There were no motor deficits, but a hypesthesia corresponding to the right distal C8-dermatome. MRI revealed an intradural-extramedullary, expansive lesion at the level of C6 with a hyperintense appearance in both T (1)- and T (2)-weighted images. Neither a hemosiderin rim nor contrast enhancement was visible. RESULTS: During surgery a hematoma and a reddish, berry-like tumor adherent to the left motor root C7 were removed. There were no new neurological deficits, and shoulder and back pain resolved within a few weeks after surgery. Histopathologically a cavernous hemangioma was diagnosed. CONCLUSIONS: The patient's symptoms were caused both by direct nerve compression and by spinal hemorrhage, most likely spinal SAH. As there was no characteristic hemosiderin rim and due to the hyperintense appearance in T (1)- and T (2)-weighted MR scans, a radiological diagnosis of hemorrhage and classification of the lesion was difficult. Despite their rareness, in patients with signs of spontaneous, spinal SAH and/or nerve compression syndromes cavernous hemangiomas have to be considered as a potential cause.
This article was published in Zentralbl Neurochir
and referenced in Journal of Spine