alexa Intragraft FOXP3 mRNA expression reflects antidonor immune reactivity in cardiac allograft patients.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Dijke IE, Velthuis JH, Caliskan K, Korevaar SS, Maat AP,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Regulatory FOXP3+ T cells control immune responses of effector T cells. However, whether these cells regulate antidonor responses in the graft of cardiac allograft patients is unknown. Therefore, we analyzed the gene expression profiles of regulatory and effector T-cell markers during immunological quiescence and acute rejection. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze mRNA expression levels in time-zero specimens (n=24) and endomyocardial biopsies (EMB; n=72) of cardiac allograft patients who remained free from rejection (nonrejectors; n=12) and patients with at least one histologically proven acute rejection episode (rejectors; International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation [ISHLT] rejection grade>2; n=12). RESULTS: For all analyzed regulatory and effector T-cell markers, mRNA expression levels were increased in biopsies taken after heart transplantation compared with those in time-zero specimens. Posttransplantation, the FOXP3 mRNA levels were higher in EMB assigned to a higher ISHLT rejection grade than the biopsies with grade 0: the highest mRNA levels were detected in the rejection biopsies (rejection grade>2; P=0.003). In addition, the mRNA levels of CD25, glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor family-related gene, cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4, interleukin-2, and granzyme B were also significantly higher in rejecting EMB than in nonrejecting EMB (rejection grade
  • DOI: 10.1097/
  • This article was published in Transplantation and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

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