alexa Intralymphatic histiocytosis. A clinicopathologic study of 16 cases.


Rheumatology: Current Research

Author(s): Requena L, ElShabrawiCaelen L, Walsh SN, Segura S, Ziemer M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Intralymphatic histiocytosis is a rare condition characterized by the presence of dilated lymphatic vessels containing aggregates of mononuclear histiocytes (macrophages) within their lumina. The phenomenon seems to occur almost exclusively within the reticular dermis. Although its pathogenesis remains uncertain, there has been speculation about the possible relationship between intralymphatic histiocytosis and intravascular reactive angioendotheliomatosis. In addition, several examples historically have been associated with rheumatoid arthritis. We describe our experience with 16 cases of intralymphatic histiocytosis. Clinically, the lesions were located predominantly on the upper and lower limbs, and they consisted of asymptomatic and poorly demarcated erythematous plaques and livedo reticularis-like lesions. They were characterized histopathologically by dilated vascular structures involving the reticular dermis. Some of these dilated vessels had empty lumina, whereas others contained variable number of mononuclear histiocytes. An inflammatory response of variable intensity from case to case was also present in the adjacent dermis. The dilated vessels exhibited thin walls with irregular shapes, and a single discontinuous layer of flat endothelial cells lined their lumina. Immunohistochemically, the endothelial cells lining the dilated lumina expressed immunoreactivity for CD31, CD34, podoplanin, D2-40, Lyve-1, and Prox-1, which confirmed their nature as lymphatic endothelial cells. Intralymphatic mononuclear histiocytes expressed CD68 (PGM1), although some cases also had variable immunoexpression for myeloperoxidase, CD31, and podoplanin. In the 4 cases that employed double immunohistochemistry, with podoplanin + CD68 (PGM1) or with Lyve-1 + CD68 (PGM1), each marker highlighted their specific target cells unequivocally; the endothelial cells expressed podoplanin or Lyve-1 immunoreactivity, and intralymphatic histiocytes showed CD68 (PGM1) immunoexpression. Our findings expand on the previously described morphologic and immunohistochemical features of intravascular histiocytosis. We also discuss the possible relationship between intralymphatic histiocytosis and the so-called reactive intravascular angioendotheliomatosis. This article was published in Am J Dermatopathol and referenced in Rheumatology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version