Author(s): Shetal H Padia, Brandon A Kemp, Nancy L Howell, Helmy M Siragy, MarieClaude FournieZaluski
The renal angiotensin angiotensin type 2 receptor has been shown to mediate natriuresis, and angiotensin III, not angiotensin II, may be the preferential angiotensin type 2 receptor activator of this response. Angiotensin III is metabolized to angiotensin IV by aminopeptidase N. The present study hypothesizes that inhibition of aminopeptidase N will augment natriuretic responses to intrarenal angiotensin III in angiotension type 1 receptor–blocked rats. Rats received systemic candesartan for 24 hours before the experiment. After a 1-hour control, cumulative renal interstitial infusion of angiotensin III at 3.5, 7, 14, and 28 nmol/kg per minute (each dose for 30 minutes) or angiotensin III combined with aminopeptidase N inhibitor PC-18 was administered into 1 kidney. The contralateral control kidney received renal interstitial infusion of vehicle. In kidneys infused with angiotensin III alone, renal sodium excretion rate increased from 0.05±0.01 μmol/min in stepwise fashion to 0.11±0.01 μmol/min at 28 nmol/kg per minute of angiotensin III (overall ANOVA F=3.68; P<0.01). In angiotensin III combined with PC-18, the renal sodium excretion rate increased from 0.05±0.01 to 0.32±0.08 μmol/min at 28 nmol/kg per minute of angiotensin III (overall ANOVA F=6.2; P<0.001). The addition of intrarenal PD-123319, an angiotensin type 2 receptor antagonist, to renal interstitial angiotensin III plus PC-18 inhibited the natriuretic response. Mean arterial blood pressure and renal sodium excretion rate from control kidneys were unchanged by angiotensin III ± PC-18 + PD-123319. Angiotensin III plus PC-18 induced a greater natriuretic response than Ang III alone (overall ANOVA F=16.9; P=0.0001). Aminopeptidase N inhibition augmented the natriuretic response to angiotensin III, suggesting that angiotensin III is a major agonist of angiotensin type 2 receptor–induced natriuresis.