alexa Intravenous amiodarone for recurrent sustained hypotensive ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Intravenous Amiodarone Multicenter Trial Group.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Levine JH, Massumi A, Scheinman MM, Winkle RA, Platia EV,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the response rate and safety of intravenous amiodarone in patients with ventricular tachyarrhythmias refractory to standard therapies. BACKGROUND: Numerous small retrospective reports suggest a response of refractory ventricular tachyarrhythmias to intravenous amiodarone, yet no controlled prospective trials exist. METHODS: Two hundred seventy-three patients with recurrent hypotensive ventricular tachyarrhythmias refractory to lidocaine, procainamide and bretylium were randomized to receive one of three doses of intravenous amiodarone: 525, 1,050 or 2,100 mg/24 h (mean [+/- SE] dose 743.7 +/- 418.7, 1,175.2 +/- 483.7, 1,921.2 +/- 688.8 mg, respectively) by continuous infusion over 24 h. RESULTS: Of the 273 patients, 110 (40.3\% response rate) survived 24 h without another hypotensive ventricular tachyarrhythmic event while being treated with intravenous amiodarone as a single agent (primary end point). A significant difference in the time to first recurrence of ventricular tachyarrhythmia (post hoc analysis) over the first 12 h was observed when the combined 1,050- and 2,100-mg dose groups were compared with the 525-mg dose group (p = 0.046). The number of supplemental (150 mg) infusions of intravenous amiodarone (given for breakthrough destabilizing tachyarrhythmias) during hours 0 to 6 (prespecified secondary end point) was significantly greater in the 525-mg dose group than in the 2,100-mg dose group (1.09 +/- 1.57 vs. 0.51 +/- 0.97, p = 0.0043). However, there was no clear dose-response relation observed in this trial with respect to success rates (primary end point), time to first recurrence of tachyarrhythmia (post hoc analysis) or mortality (secondary end point) over 24 h. CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous amiodarone is a relatively safe therapy for ventricular tachyarrhythmias refractory to other medications.
This article was published in J Am Coll Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords