alexa Intravenous application of CD271-selected mesenchymal stem cells during fracture healing.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Dreger T, Watson JT, Akers W, Molligan J, Achilefu S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: Circulating mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) participate in fracture healing and can be used to enhance fracture healing. This study investigated how CD271-selected MSCs travel in circulation and when is the optimal time to apply MSCs intravenously during fracture healing. METHODS: Based on the expression of CD271, MSCs were isolated from human bone marrow and labeled with cypate, a near-infrared fluorochrome. A unilateral closed fracture was created at the femur in immunodeficient mice. The cypate-labeled MSCs were injected into the tail vein of the mice at days 1 and 3 after fracture and were tracked by near-infrared imaging. The mice were euthanized at 3 weeks after fracture. Immunohistochemistry was performed to detect human MSCs at the fracture sites. Migration of CD271-selected MSCs, under the influence of stem cell-derived factor-1, was assessed in vitro. RESULTS: Intravenously injected at day 1, but not day 3, after fracture, CD271-selected MSCs accumulated at the fracture sites significantly and lasted for at least 7 days. All fractures, with or without MSC injections, healed in 3 weeks. Human cells were localized at the fracture sites in mice by immunohistochemistry. CD271-selected MSCs migrated toward the medium contained stem cell-derived factor-1 in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: After intravenous injection, CD271-selected MSCs were recruited to the fracture sites. The stages of fracture healing influenced the homing of culture-expanded MSCs. In mice, an optimal window of intravenous injection of MSCs was around 24 hours after fracture. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Intravenous application of MSCs may serve as a practical route to deliver stem cells for the treatment of fracture nonunion and delayed union.
This article was published in J Orthop Trauma and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords