alexa Intravesical delivery of small activating RNA formulated into lipid nanoparticles inhibits orthotopic bladder tumor growth.
Oncology

Oncology

Cancer Surgery

Author(s): Kang MR, Yang G, Place RF, Charisse K, EpsteinBarash H, , Kang MR, Yang G, Place RF, Charisse K, EpsteinBarash H,

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Abstract Practical methods for enhancing protein production in vivo remain a challenge. RNA activation (RNAa) is emerging as one potential solution by using double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) to increase endogenous gene expression. This approach, although related to RNA interference (RNAi), facilitates a response opposite to gene silencing. Duplex dsP21-322 and its chemically modified variants are examples of RNAa-based drugs that inhibit cancer cell growth by inducing expression of tumor suppressor p21(WAF1/CIP1) (p21). In this study, we investigate the therapeutic potential of dsP21-322 in an orthotopic model of bladder cancer by formulating a 2'-fluoro-modified derivative (dsP21-322-2'F) into lipid nanoparticles (LNP) for intravesical delivery. LNP composition is based upon clinically relevant formulations used in RNAi-based therapies consisting of PEG-stabilized unilamellar liposomes built with lipid DLin-KC2-DMA. We confirm p21 induction, cell-cycle arrest, and apoptosis in vitro following treatment with LNP-formulated dsP21-322-2'F (LNP-dsP21-322-2'F) or one of its nonformulated variants. Both 2'-fluoro modification and LNP formulation also improve duplex stability in urine. Intravesical delivery of LNP-dsP21-322-2'F into mouse bladder results in urothelium uptake and extends survival of mice with established orthotopic human bladder cancer. LNP-dsP21-322-2'F treatment also facilitates p21 activation in vivo leading to regression/disappearance of tumors in 40\% of the treated mice. Our results provide preclinical proof-of-concept for a novel method to treat bladder cancer by intravesical administration of LNP-formulated RNA duplexes. ©2012 AACR. This article was published in Cancer Res and referenced in Cancer Surgery

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